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GRANT <privileges>

This statement allocates privileges to a pre-existing user in TiDB. The privilege system in TiDB follows MySQL, where credentials are assigned based on a database/table pattern. Executing this statement requires the GRANT OPTION privilege and all privileges you allocate.

Synopsis

GrantStmt
GRANTPrivElemListONObjectTypePrivLevelTOUserSpecListRequireClauseOptWithGrantOptionOpt
PrivElemList
PrivElem,
PrivElem
PrivType(ColumnNameList)
PrivType
ALLPRIVILEGESALTERROUTINECREATEUSERTEMPORARYTABLESVIEWROLEROUTINETRIGGERDELETEDROPROLEPROCESSEXECUTEINDEXINSERTSELECTSUPERSHOWDATABASESVIEWUPDATEGRANTOPTIONREFERENCESREPLICATIONSLAVECLIENTUSAGERELOADFILECONFIGLOCKTABLESEVENTSHUTDOWN
ObjectType
TABLE
PrivLevel
*.*Identifier.*Identifier
UserSpecList
UserSpec,
RequireClauseOpt
REQUIRENONESSLX509RequireListElementAND
RequireListElement
ISSUERIssuerSUBJECTSubjectCIPHERCipherSANSANTOKEN_ISSUERTokenIssuer

Examples

mysql> CREATE USER 'newuser' IDENTIFIED BY 'mypassword'; Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec) mysql> GRANT ALL ON test.* TO 'newuser'; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.03 sec) mysql> SHOW GRANTS FOR 'newuser'; +-------------------------------------------------+ | Grants for newuser@% | +-------------------------------------------------+ | GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO 'newuser'@'%' | | GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON test.* TO 'newuser'@'%' | +-------------------------------------------------+ 2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

MySQL compatibility

  • Similar to MySQL, the USAGE privilege denotes the ability to log into a TiDB server.
  • Column level privileges are not currently supported.
  • Similar to MySQL, when the NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER sql mode is not present, the GRANT statement will automatically create a new user with an empty password when a user does not exist. Removing this sql-mode (it is enabled by default) presents a security risk.
  • In TiDB, after the GRANT <privileges> statement is executed successfully, the execution result takes effect immediately on the current connection. Whereas in MySQL, for some privileges, the execution results take effect only on subsequent connections. See TiDB #39356 for details.

See also

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